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“疫苗”英文怎么说?
这两 天最大的一个新闻就是大量的问题疫苗在全国多个省市非法售卖,让家长们非常的揪心,国务 院总理李克强也对非法经营疫苗系列案件作出重要批示。与疫苗相关的常识,你知道么?

 

什么是疫苗?

 

A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. 

疫苗是一种生物制备,用于 提高身体对某种疾病的免疫力。

 

vaccine ['væksi:n]:疫苗

preparation: 制备;特别配制成的药物

immunity [i'mju:nti] :免疫力

 

Traditional vaccines contain microbes that have been killed or weakened so that they don't cause disease.

传统 疫苗包含了病原菌,这些 病菌已被灭活或人工减毒,不具 备引发疾病的能力。

 

microbe ['maikrub]:细菌

 

The administration of vaccines is called vaccination. 

接种疫苗的过程叫做vaccination [,væksi'nein]。

 

When an individual is vaccinated against a disease or an infection his or her immune system is prepared to fight the infection.

当一 个人接种了某种疾病或传染病的疫苗,其免 疫系统就做好了抵抗这种病的准备。

 

vaccinate ['væksineit]:动词,接种疫苗

immune system:免疫系统

 

疫苗是怎么工作的?

 

When a person is inoculated with these preparations, the immune system confronts these harmless versions of the germs. The immune system quickly clears them from the body.

当一 个人接种了这种制备,免疫 系统就接触到了这些无伤害力的病菌。免疫 系统会立刻把它们从体内清除。

 

inoculated [i'nkjuleit]:接种

 

In turn the body remembers the germs so that later in life when it encounters the real live virulent germs it may be able to fight it off with the retained memory against the particular germ.

然后 身体就记住了这些病菌,将来 在遇到真正有毒的病原菌时,就会 依循其原有的记忆,来抵抗消灭病原菌。

 

Before vaccines, the only way to become immune to a disease was to actually get it and, with luck, survive it.

在有疫苗之前,人们 能够对某种疾病免疫的唯一方法就是真正得一场病,并且如果幸运的话,活下来。

 

immune to:对……免疫

 
 
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